Pain Explained

Low Back Pain

What is Low Back Pain?
Low back pain is when you feel sore or uncomfortable in your lower back or buttocks.


What Causes Low Back Pain?
It is usually caused by muscle strain or trauma in your lower back. If you strain a muscle in your back, it can hurt to move it.


Another cause of low back pain is a bulging disk. Disks in your spine give cushioning and support. When a disk bulges, or “herniates,” it may irritate a nerve (see drawings). This can cause pain that travels down your thigh or leg pain. Pain caused by nerve irritation is called sciatica.

Neck Pain

Neck pain is discomfort that occurs in, or originates from, the cervical spine – the seven vertebrae that form the top of the backbone and provide support for the head.

Most of us will experience neck pain, also referred to as cervicalgia, at some point in our lives. Nearly all neck pain fades and disappears over time, but if it is severe or persists, it should never be ignored. You should consider visiting your doctor if you experience neck pain symptoms such as:

- Sharp pain
- A dull ache
- Neck stiffness
- Radiating discomfort or tingling down the arms
- Numbness in the arms or hands
- Severe headaches


All of these neck pain symptoms and others can give your doctor insight to the origin of your pain.

Joint Pain

Joint pain can be caused by injury or disease affecting any of the ligaments, bursae, or tendons surrounding the joint. Injury or disease can also affect the ligaments, cartilage, and bones within the joint, leading to a painful joint. Pain is also a feature of joint inflammation (arthritis) and infection and can be a feature of rare tumors of the joint. 

Joint pain can be aggravated by motion, pressure, or weight-bearing resistance with activity. Joint pain can be associated with local warmth, swelling, and tenderness.
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